Migraine is one of the most common excuses people use when they can’t attend a meeting or miss a class for students. It is an overused excuse next to insomnia. But, this kind of headache is not a joke. It is necessary to find out the essential information about migraine so that when the time comes and the excuse becomes true, you will not freak out of what you are feeling.
Migraine is the kind of headache that occurs repeatedly. There are an estimated 11 individuals who get migraines in 100 people. A person with migraine experiences excruciating pain in one portion or side of the person’s head.
Migraine is classified according to the occurrence of aura and vertigo. Aura is a range of neurological disturbances such as visual irregularity. This serves as a sign that migraine is yet to occur. A person may experience vertigo, numbness which lasts approximately 20 minutes or less. This may lead to weakness of leg or arm, itching hands or face, and confusion.
The common type of migraine does not occur with an aura. Some individuals only experience preceding symptoms such as mental confusion, mood swings, and fatigue. This type lasts for a maximum of 4 days.
Speaking of visual irregularity, one type of migraine is the ocular migraine which may result in vision loss or difficulty. But, do not worry because its symptoms only last a while and disappear. It doesn’t pose harm to the eye but affects your daily lifestyle.
Migraine signs include the following: severe headache, one-sided and frontal headache, nausea, vomiting, weakness, light and sound sensitivity, throbbing headache, eye pain, etc.
Migraine can be triggered by many factors but all of these do not yet have scientific explanations. It includes allergic reactions, perfume odors, stress, irregular sleep patterns, meal skipping, alcohol, caffeine, pills intake, headaches due to tension, foods with tyramine, chocolate, peanut butter, banana, dairy products, and many more.
Some drugs can trigger a migraine. These include nitrates, theophylline, reserpine, nifedipine, indomethacin, and cimetidine. So, watch out for these if you know that you tend to have a migraine.